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Protection of Craftia Party
克拉夫地亚保护党
Kèlāfūdìyà Bǎohù Dǎng
Partai Perlindungan Kraftia
Leaders Percy Raymond
Gary Smith
John Anderson
Bartholomew Riley
Owen Gold
Edwin Stevenson
Christopher Payne
Alex McCain
Founded 21 March 1947
Dissolved 13 October 1996
Merged into Craftian Conservative Party
Ideology Social conservatism
Right-wing populism
Protectionism
Craftian nationalism
Political position Right-wing
In government (federal) 1947–1951
1959–1963
1990
Colour      Orange

The Protection of Craftia Party (PCP, known as the Protection Party or simply Protection) was a right-wing conservative political party that existed in Craftia during the latter half of the 20th century.

The Protection Party was the Province of Craftia's first organised major right-wing party, formed as a result of the inability of the Free Trade Party and Country Party of Craftia to defeat the dominant National Labour Party in the 1945 election. It was formed in 1947 by a combination of socially conservative Labour Party dissidents who disapproved of their party's emphasis on democratic socialism and perceived radicalism, and anti-socialist farmers and graziers. Its ideology was described as right-wing populist, strongly protectionist and socially conservative. It was the only party to campaign against the abolition of the White Craftia Policy during its dismantlement.

During its existence, the Protection Party only formed a majority government twice (1947–1951 and 1959–1963), and the formation of the liberal conservative National Party of Craftia caused it to steadily lose support through its later years. By the late 1960s, the Nationals had largely replaced Protection as the National Labour Party's main right-of-centre rival. However, as Labour's popularity waned after the mid-1970s, Protection became the main opposition force against the increasingly centrist National Party. The party's support peaked for the last time at the 1989 election, where longtime leader Edwin Stevenson was able to form a minority government with the reluctant parliamentary support of the Nationals. However, the rapid rise of the Craftian Conservative Party from 1990 ultimately caused the Protection of Craftia Party's demise, losing parliamentary representation at the 1992 election and being dissolved in 1996.

Federal party leaders

No. Name Term Time in office Term as Premier/
Prime Minister
Term began Term ended
1 Percy Raymond 21 March 1947 9 June 1951 4 years, 2 months, 20 days (1542 days) 1947–1951
2 Gary Smith 10 June 1951 17 December 1951 6 months, 8 days (191 days)
3 John Anderson 18 December 1951 1 April 1957 5 years, 3 months, 15 days (1932 days)
(2) Gary Smith 2 April 1957 1 December 1963 6 years, 8 months (2435 days) 1959–1963
4 Bartholomew Riley 2 December 1963 20 July 1966 2 years, 7 months, 19 days (962 days)
5 Owen Gold 21 July 1966 13 January 1970 3 years, 5 months, 24 days (1273 days)
6 Edwin Stevenson 14 January 1970 8 April 1980 10 years, 2 months, 26 days (3738 days)
(4) Bartholomew Riley 9 April 1980 14 July 1981 1 year, 3 months, 6 days (462 days)
(6) Edwin Stevenson 15 July 1981 30 December 1990 9 years, 5 months, 16 days (3456 days) 1990
7 Christopher Payne 31 December 1990 25 September 1995 4 years, 8 months, 26 days (1730 days)
8 Alex McCain 26 September 1995 13 October 1996 1 year, 18 days (384 days)

Federal election results

Election Seats won ± Total votes % Swing Position Government Leader
1947
26 / 50
Increase 26 81,308 47.70%
 
Increase 47.70% Increase 1st Government Percy Raymond
1948
27 / 50
Increase 1 66,913 41.23%
 
Decrease 6.47% Steady 1st Government Percy Raymond
1951
14 / 57
Decrease 13 24,527 20.64%
 
Decrease 20.59% Decrease 3rd Coalition
(NPC-PCP)
Percy Raymond
1953
8 / 57
Decrease 6 15,064 13.61%
 
Decrease 7.03% Steady 3rd Third party John Anderson
1956
10 / 57
Increase 2 17,483 21.17%
 
Increase 7.56% Increase 2nd Opposition John Anderson
1957
10 / 60
Steady 0 21,373 23.54%
 
Increase 2.37% Decrease 3rd Third party John Anderson
1959
31 / 60
Increase 21 26,062 40.14%
 
Increase 16.60% Increase 1st Government Gary Smith
1962
34 / 60
Increase 3 24,175 42.69%
 
Increase 2.55% Steady 1st Government Gary Smith
1963
2 / 60
Decrease 32 1,823 3.22%
 
Decrease 39.47% Decrease 3rd Third party Bartholomew Riley
1966
2 / 60
Steady 0 3,634 5.24%
 
Increase 2.02% Steady 3rd Third party Bartholomew Riley
1968
6 / 60
Increase 4 5,814 6.14%
 
Increase 0.90% Steady 3rd Third party Owen Gold
1971
18 / 70
Increase 12 30,454 23.99%
 
Increase 17.85% Increase 2nd Opposition Edwin Stevenson
1974
15 / 70
Decrease 3 70,551 24.89%
 
Increase 0.90% Steady 2nd Opposition Edwin Stevenson
1976
14 / 70
Decrease 1 87,282 25.51%
 
Increase 0.62% Steady 2nd Opposition Edwin Stevenson
1979
18 / 70
Increase 4 89,925 22.46%
 
Decrease 3.05% Steady 2nd Opposition Edwin Stevenson
1982
9 / 75
Decrease 9 24,260 6.10%
 
Decrease 16.36% Decrease 4th Third party Edwin Stevenson
1984
15 / 75
Increase 6 89,493 22.48%
 
Increase 16.38% Increase 3rd Third party Edwin Stevenson
1986
18 / 75
Increase 3 94,446 23.35%
 
Increase 0.87% Steady 3rd Third party Edwin Stevenson
1989
26 / 75
Increase 8 159,205 34.93%
 
Increase 11.58% Increase 2nd Government
(PCP-NPC)
Edwin Stevenson
1992
0 / 80
Decrease 26 5,216 0.86%
 
Decrease 34.17% Decrease 5th No seats Christopher Payne
1995
0 / 80
Decrease 1 756 0.11%
 
Decrease 0.75% Steady 5th No seats Christopher Payne

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